Capt. JOHN and Henry
DAUGHERTY were farming on Reedy Creek of New River Valley (later
Rockbridge Co.), from whence in Jun 1769 the Long Hunters left
to explore the Kentucky Country in 1766 at Augusta Co., VA. He
and Henry DAUGHERTY acquired land on Laurel Creek of North Holston
circa 1770 at Fincastle Co., VA.
He began military service
in 1774 at Fincastle Co., VA, was a Capt. in the Virginia militia,
including a chore of delivering horses prior to the Battle of
Point Pleasant on the Ohio River. He went into court to prove
that part of his left ear had been bitten off in an affray. The
grand jury, among its members Benjamin Logan who took a colony
to Lincoln Co., KY, indicted Isaac Spratt for this act, but also
presented John Dougherty for unlawfully quarreling. The Spratts
were neighbors who had sold land to John's brother George Daugherty
on 3 May 1774 at Fincastle Co., VA.
He was mentioned in a
number of depositions between 1775 and 1795 at KY. He entered
land on Goose Creek, near the future site of Louisville, for
his brother Joseph in 1776 at Kentucky (now Jefferson) Co. He
and John Wilson settled at Locust Thicket near Danville, KY,
having raised a crop of corn there in 1775. In March they made
a journey to the Falls of the Ohio "to see the country and
make improvements and Entrys."
During Indian attacks
of 1776, others left to live in a fort, but John Daugherty remained
on the disputed land. His near neighbor Archibald McNeil was
killed by Indians in 1777; in 1778 Dougherty was Capt. of a militia
company in Jan 1776 at Lincoln (now Boyle) Co. He opened an account
with Henderson's Transylvania Company on 20 Apr 1776 at KY. It
is unlikely that he brought his family to Locust Thicket until
now, but meanwhile he had been acquiring large tracts of land
south of Danville.
He owned thousands of
acres and had Dougherty Station 1.5 miles below Danville on a
branch of Clark's Run then known as Dougherty's Creek but now
as Balls Branch, near the Wilderness Trace. John built his house
on a slight eminence about 200 yards from the confluence of Dougherty's
Creek and Clark's Run and it was visible from the Trace. His
brother Robert lived in the vicinity for several years in 1778
at Lincoln Co.
He and his brother Robert
appear to have participated in Capt. Benjamin Logan's expedition
against the Shawnees and the Chillicothe town on the Little Miami
River for the following month. Capt John Dougherty did serve
under Logan, second in command to Gen. George Rogers Clark in
the July 1780 expedition across the Ohio in Apr 1779 at Kentucky
Co. He appeared in the Virginia Commissioners' land court, and
again in Nov, and again on Feb 15 and 16, 1780 on 27 Oct 1779
at Harrodsburg, KY.
He led as Capt. a company
of 42 men, including his brothers Robert and George, on Clark's
expedition following the Blue Licks disaster. The Indians never
gave Kentucky any great trouble after this expedition, and the
number of settlers increased rapidly between 24 Oct 1782 and
24 Nov 1782 at KY. Most of the land around Dougherty's Station
was being farmed, and a grist mill was built nearby on Dougherty's
John and his brothers
Joseph and James were the only three Daughertys on the 1783 Lincoln
Co. tax list in 1783 at Lincoln (now Boyle) Co.), KY.
He continued purchasing
land in the Hanging Fork of Dix River area, but evidently by
winter he determined move to Jefferson Co. On 2 Mar 1785 he surveyed
1000 acres on Goose Creek, adjoining land he had marked and improved
for his brother Joseph in 1776 between 1784 and 1785 at Lincoln
Co., KY. He began selling his land in the Danville area at an
average of more than a pound per acre in 1786 at Lincoln Co.,
KY. He acquired and surveyed 1600 acres on Mill Creek; he now
had 4000 acres in the Jefferson Co. area on 17 Jan 1789 at Jefferson
(now Trimble) Co., KY. He was referred to as "of Lincoln
Co." and "of Jefferson Co." on various deeds between
1790 and 1793. He acquired and had surveyed 1500 acres on the
middle fork of Pitman Creek adjoining James Dozier and John Boss.
He sent his sons Michael, about 20 and George, about 17 with
James McCullough and Burrell Jackson to make the survey on 19
Jun 1790 at Nelson (now Green) Co., KY.
He lived in 1793 at Jefferson
Co., KY (and Isabelle and the younger children were living on
Goose Creek near Louisville, and Michael moved up from Nelson
Co. and acquired land on Dougherty's Creek of the Little Kentucky
River in Henry (now Trimble) Co., where he remained until his
death in 1830). He most of the family, including his brothers
Henry, Joseph, and George and their families, were concentrated
in Jefferson or Henry Cos in 1800 at Jefferson Co., KY.
He appointed his son
George as agent to sell his Mill Creek land and possibly made
his first trip into Indiana Terr., where settlement had begun
the previous year in 1802 at Jefferson Co., KY. He was appointed
Justice of the Peace.
Only Michael of his sons
remained in KY when Capt. John and his other children moved to
Indiana Terr., settling on 7 Mar 1811 at Harrison Co., IN. The
family began entering land and most of his sons came to live
there; two taught school in log cabins; some operated grist mills;
they served in the militia and some had small civil posts, just
as in VA and KY in 1812 at Stampers Creek Twp., Orange Co., IN.
His son-in-law William Charles, Mary's husband, was killed by
Indians in one of their last incursions in the area in 1813 at
Orange Co., IN.