Joseph Longley (ca 1794 - 25 Nov 1829), Son of William C. Longley & Mary Ann Bodine,

md. Priscilla Patterson (1790/1800 - 1 Aug 1852)

abt 1815, had nine children

Updated 15 Dec 2011

Joseph Longley was born abt 1794, Rockbridge Co., VA. His son Campbell Longley said Joseph was 35 when he died.

Joseph and his brother Joel Longley enlisted in the U.S. Army for one year on 18 Nov 1813 under Capt. A. H. Douglass in Capt. J. B. Longley's Co., 39th U.S. Infantry. Joseph was age 19, ht. 5' 7 1/2", born in Rockbridge Co., VA.


 U.S. Army Register of Enlistments, 1798-1914, p. 77

The brothers fought in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, 27 Mar 1814, and were honorably discharged 17 Nov 1814 at Fort Montgomery, Mississippi Terr.

Joseph's son Campbell Longley said Joseph was 35 years old when he died. That was in Nov 1829, as he and wife Priscilla had one babe in arms (their son John Posey born 19 Mar 1829) and she was pregnant with Martha Jane born 22 Feb 1830.

War of 1812

The Battle of Horseshoe Bend (also known as Tohopeka, Cholocco Litabixbee or The Horseshoe), was fought during the War of 1812 in central Alabama. On March 27, 1814, United States forces and Indian allies under General Andrew Jackson defeated the Red Sticks, a part of the Creek Indian tribe inspired by the Shawnee leader Tecumseh, effectively ending the Creek War.

Horseshoe Bend was the major battle of the Creek War, in which Andrew Jackson sought to "clear" Alabama for American settlement. General Jackson was in command of an army of West Tennessee militia, which he had turned into a well-trained fighting force. To add to these militia units was the 39th United States Infantry and about 600 Cherokee, Choctaw and Lower Creeks fighting against the Red Stick Creek Indians. After leaving Fort Williams in the spring of 1814, Jackson's army cut its way through the forest to within 6 miles (10 km) of Chief Menawa's Red Stick camp near a bend in the Tallapoosa River, called "Horseshoe Bend," in central Alabama, 12 miles (19 km) east of what is now Alexander City. Jackson sent General John Coffee with the mounted infantry and the Indian allies south across the river to surround the Red Sticks camp, while Jackson stayed with the rest of the 2,000 infantry north of the camp.[3]

Battle positionsOn March 27 at 10:30 a.m., Jackson began an artillery barrage which consisted of 2 cannons firing for about two hours. Little damage was caused to the Red Sticks or their fortifications. Coffee's Cherokees and cavalry began crossing the river and fought the Red Sticks on their rear. Jackson then ordered a bayonet charge. The infantry charged the breastworks surrounding the camp and caught the Red Sticks in a cross fire. Sam Houston (the future governor of Tennessee and Texas, as well as the President of the Republic of Texas) served as a third lieutenant in Jackson's army. Houston was one of the first to make it over the log barricade alive and received a wound from a Creek arrow that troubled him the rest of his life.[4]

The battle raged for about five hours. Roughly 550 Red Sticks were killed on the field, while many of the rest were killed trying to cross the river.[5] Future United States Senator John Eaton wrote "This battle gave a death blow to [the enemy's] hopes, nor did they venture, afterwards, to make a stand... In this action, the best and bravest of their warriors were destroyed".

Chief Menawa was severely wounded but survived and led only about 200 of the original 1,000 warriors across the river and into safety among the Seminole tribe in Spanish Florida. After the battle, U.S. troops cut off the tips of Creek noses to obtain an accurate body count. Some also are said to have cut long strips of flesh from the dead Creek to be used as bridle reins.


On August 9, 1814, Andrew Jackson forced the Creeks to sign the Treaty of Fort Jackson. Despite protest of the Creek chiefs who had fought alongside Jackson, the Creek Nation ceded 23 million acres (93,000 km²) -- half of Alabama and part of southern Georgia—to the United States government. Even though the Creek War was largely a civil war between the Creeks, Andrew Jackson saw no difference between the Creeks that had fought with him and the Red Sticks that fought against him. Of the 23 million acres (93,000 km²) Jackson forced the Creeks to cede, 1.9 million acres (7,700 km²) was claimed by the Cherokee Nation who had allied with the United States.[6] After becoming President, Jackson took the land ceded to his former allies, the Cherokees, together with other Cherokee lands in his removal of the Cherokees to the Oklahoma Territory. Chief Junaluska, the Cherokee Chief who saved the life of Jackson in Battle and who led 500 Cherokees in support of Jackson at Horseshoe Bend, stated that "If I had known that Jackson would drive us from our homes, I would have killed him at Horseshoe".

This victory, along with the Battle of New Orleans, gave Andrew Jackson the popularity to win election as President of the United States in 1828. /

1.^ a b Borneman p.151
2.^ Susan K. Barnard, and Grace M. Schwartzman, "Tecumseh and the Creek Indian War of 1813-1814 in North Georgia," Georgia Historical Quarterly, Fall 1998, Vol. 82 Issue 3, pp 489-506
3.^ a b Robert Remini, Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Empire, 1767-1821 (1977) ch. 13
4.^ Remini, Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Empire, 1767-1821 ch. 13
5.^ Heidler, p. 135
6.^ Ehle p. 123

Their brother Jonathan Longley was drafted at Sevierville, TN, and served as a fifer in Johnson's 3rd Regt., Pvt. in Capts. Andrew, Lawson and Duggins Cos., East Tennessee Militia, War of 1812.

Joseph Longley was the chain carrier, 13 Feb 1826 in Sevier Co., TN, on survey for Andrew Zollinger, 75 ac on the waters of Pigeon River, adj. his old line, Jacob Layman, Peter Snapp, Baughman line, and Andrew Wells. (Sevier Co., TN, Early Survey Book 1, p. 221, No. 468).

In 1828 Joseph and the Longley family moved from Sevier Co. to Jackson's Purchase in McMinn Co.,TN.

On the census of 1830, his widow Priscilla Patterson was enumerated in McMinn Co., with 8 children -- two males under 5 (John Posey & George), two males 5-10 (William Tennessee & Caleb), one male 10-15 (Alexander Preston), two females under 5 (Martha & Caroline), one female 10-15 (Mary), and Priscilla was 30-40. Where was 14 yr. old Campbell? -- probably working to help support his mother and siblings.

Two doors away were Priscilla's brother William T. Patterson and wife Abigail, who was Priscilla's deceased husband Joseph's sister, with 2 males under 5, 1 male 5-10, 1 male 30-40, 1 female 10-15, 1 female 30-40.

Campbell Longley went to Texas in Mar 1836 "to the aid of Sam Houston," but Priscilla Longley was enumerated this time in Bradley Co., TN, again next to her brother William T. Patterson.

We do not know exactly when Priscilla and her other children joined Campbell in Texas, but she died there in Austin Co. in 1851.

Children of Joseph Longley and Priscilla Patterson were:

 1. Their oldest was Campbell Longley (1816-1907) who came to TX in 1836 "to the aid of Sam Houston"; md. Sarah Ann Henry

2. Their daughter Mary Longley (1819-1901) md. James Davidson "Pap" Dodson

3. Their son Alexander Preston "Pres" Longley (1819-1912), philosopher, poet, and newspaperman, went to California Gold Rush

4. Their son Caleb B. Longley (1820-1884) md. Ardelia James

5. William Tennessee Longley (1820-1908) went to California in the Gold Rush

6. George Washington Longley (1824-1844) md. Martha Grimes

7. Caroline "Callie" Longley (1825-1877), md. five times, one was Mr. Singleton.

8. John Posey Longley (1829-1896), md. Ruth Smith

9. Martha Jane Longley (1830-ca 1865), md. Hatch Alford


 Joseph & Priscilla's son Caleb B. Longley's son Oliver Preston Longley & wife Mary "Mollie" E. Lee, bef 1918 when she died


Donowho Family about 1905, Courtesy of Pat Lawrence: Benjamine Franklin Donawho, Archer Yelle Donowho (in front of him is wife Melita Luvernia Longley Donowho, daughter of Oliver P. & Mollie Longley), Claudius Augustus Donowho (standing in front of him is Ida Omia Donowho Huggins), Jack Wafford Donowho and Robert Walter Donowho; sitting is John Carolton Donowho and Martha Ann Sheffield, sitting on grandmother Martha's lap, is Ann Oma Donowho oldest daughter of Archer and Melita Luvernia Longley Donowho.

 Eathel Leatha Donowho better known as Ethel Lee "Sue" Donowho, youngest child of Melita Longley and Archer Yelle Donowho. courtesy of her daughter Pat Lawrence



Their son George Washington Longley (1824-1844) md. Martha Grimes

Their daughter Caroline Longley (1825-1877) md. Mr. Singleton

Their son John Posey Longley (1829-1896) md. Ruth Smith



 John Posey Longley (1829-1896), son of Joseph Longley & Priscilla Patterson, grandson of William Longley & Mary Ann Bodine

 Oliver Dee Longley (1871-1965), son of John Posey Longley & Ruthy Smith, daughter of Nelson Smith (ca 1800-1836) & Dorcas Jones, Austin Colonists arr TX Mar 1829 from AR


Robert Skelly & wife Dora Longley, daughter of John Posey


 John Posey Longley & Ruthy Smith Marriage License, performed by his brother Campbell, Justice of the Peace


   Ruthy Smith was the daughter of Nelson Smith and wife Dorcas, Austin Colonists in 1829. Dorcas was daughter of Stephen T. Jones and wife Susannah, Austin Colonists ~ both families came to TX from AR, where Stephen T. Jones had a 1820 Bounty Land Warrant for service in the War of 1812.

Stephen Jones was on the Austin Register as arriving Dec 1828, took oath 27th.

Nelson Smith arrived March 1829, took oath Dec 21. Stephen & Nelson were living in Illinois after by 1806 when Dorcas was born, and in 1812, received the Bounty Land Grant in 1820, the year William was born, and a least until Rebecca was born in 1824, according to census records. They went to Arkansas between 1824-1828, sold the land, and immediately left for Texas. By then Dorcas must have married Nelson in Arkansas, unless he was from Illinois also.

John Posey Longley's son Oliver Longley (left), wife Mary (right) (Barbara Longley Bivins' grandparents) with sons Garvin and Leo Longley


Sons of Mary & Oliver Longley after World War II: Left to Right: Garvin, Orbra, Charles, Leo, Russell.

Photos Courtesy of Barbara Longley Bivins


 Russell Longley, prob. in London, by American Red Cross, World War II (Barbara Bivins' father)

 Russell, Leo, Orbra, Garvin & Charlie Longley with their father Oliver Dee Longley


Annie Longley & brother "Crippled Bill" Longley