One man has made the remark, "You don't count Longleys in America by years, but by centuries."
. . . descendants came to Loudoun County, to Shenandoah County, to Rockingham County, to Washington County, to Sevier County, Tenn.; McMinn County, Tenn., Polk County, Tenn., and Texas.
When William, Joseph, and Joel went to the southwest, they left Joseph (our great-grandfather), Rebecca, Charles, and Edward in Rockingham County where they were all married. Edward and Rebecca I cannot find after Joseph's marriage, but Charles died in Elmyra, New York Yankee Prison camp from dysentery. He was captured by Grant just outside of Fredericksburg, Virginia.
The records on our great-grandfather (Joseph) are very scant. He had two wives but we descended from the second wife, Harriett, who was blind for 40 years and died in 1916.
Grandmother Mary Elizabeth Earman Longley was a very heavy lady and suffered a stroke, rendering her unable to walk for several years before her death in 1922. Tracie took care of great-grandmother Harriet and grandmother Mary for several years, because Nellie was married and gone from home.
Grandad Marcenia (called M.D. or "Cenia") owned the farm Willie bought from him (the Bontz place) and the Gentry place where he died. He was a tenant farmer on the 300-400 acre Kyger Farm at Three Springs, where Herman was born, and farmed the 460 acre Southall Farm near Elkton for over 20 years. He must have needed more land to keep four boys busy. He was a great horse breeder and an amateur veterinarian, a very small (150-160 lbs) wiry, tough, hard working man.
Ernest and Willie were settled boys. Willie farmed all his life, but Ernest went to Brunswick, Maryland, where he was a target foreman on the B&Q Railroad. He died at the age of 43 from sugar diabetes. Herman and Ursher took several hobo trips on the trains, built an airplane (it flew about 1000 feet and crashed when a wing broke off), put pistol bullets in the school house stove and blew it up, and set the school house on fire to see a fat boy carry water, but I guess you could call them "good old boys."
CHARLES W. LONGLEY ~
The day after Virginia seceded from the Union, Charles W. Longley enlisted in Co. D, 10th Regt. Virginia Infantry of the "Virginia State Volunteer Militia" (under the laws of the State of Virginia). His enlistment was signed by Lt. Col. Warren but the commander was Col. S. B. Gibbons. He enlisted at Harrisonburg, VA for a term of one year on 18 Apr 1861.
The 10th Regt. was ordered to Harper's Ferry on the day of Charles W. Longley's enlistment (18 Apr 1861), stayed until 1 Jun 1861, then to Romney, WV (at that time VA) under Col. A. P. Hill.
Apr 1862 the 10th Regt. was ordered back to the Valley, At Elkton, and underwent some reorganization, under Gen. W. B. Taliaferro, Jackson's Division.
On 20 Mar 1862 Charles W. Longley was listed as AWOL but he had enlisted for one year on 18 Apr 1861, so it is unknown if he considered his enlistment fulfilled. There is a "pay voucher" on file stating he had enlisted (or reenlisted) about the last of Apr 1862 for three years, but according to the above mentioned dates he ws absent when he reenlisted.
The records on file show he reenlisted on 18 Jan 1863, from desertion, and received pay (amount not stated) on 28 Feb 1863. The "pay voucher" dated 1 Mar 1864, signed by Capt. Byrd, verifies he was absent but on furlough.
Three days before the "Battle of New Market" the 10th Regt. was engaged in battle near Spotsylvania Court House at "Bloody Angle." Bruce Catton, the Civil War writer, states, "No bitterer fighting than the fighting that took place here was ever seen on the American continent." Charles W. Longley was taken prisoner on 12 May 1864 when Gen. Grant's forces broke Gen. Lee's line and was unsuccessful in an attempt to enlarge the break.
Charles Longley was taken to "Belle Plains," Virginia, 18 May 1864. Voucher states, "Date of arrival Belle Plains, VA 18 May 1864." "Prisoner of War at Point Lookout, MD," printed on voucher. This same voucher states "Transferred to Elmira, NY 30 Jul 1864." According to the above he was captured at "Bloody Angle" on 12 May 1864, taken to "Belle Plains," VA, transferred 18 May 1864 to Point Lookout, MD, and to Elmira, NY on 30 Jul 1864.
He was transported to Elmira, NY, arriving on 2 Aug 1864 with a large number of Confederate prisoners. No other means of transportation available at that time could have made this trip in the three days except by train.
Elmira, NY "Prisoners of War" vouchers recorded on Register No. 2 p. 129 and Register No. 4 p. 106, states "Charles W. Longley of 10th VA died 2 Oct 1864 of chronic diarrhea." "Effects - jacket," and he is buried in Grave No. 525.
19 Jan 2003
My father Willie Longley told us about a time when they were young when they lived at Three Springs which was near the railroad tracks and at that time, if the train hit any farm animals the railroad would pay the owner and bury the remains. Well, a few hogs had died during the week and grandfather Marcena Longley asked the boys to bury the dead hogs while they were gone to Harrisonburg on Sat. afternoon.
My Daddy had been assigned to plow the corn and Uncle Ursher and Uncle Herman had been assigned the task to bury the hogs that had died. Being lazy, they decided to stand the hogs up on the railroad tracks, thinking that the train would hit the hogs and be buried and they could go ahead and go swimming or something.
Well, the train did
come along and hit the hogs, the train stopped and the engineer
called out for someone to come see what had happened the boys
hid in the bushes called out to their brother Willie to come
talk to the engineer, they were scared. Daddy came and explained
to them that his brothers had just pulled a prank and that everything
would be ok. The engineer and the fireman buried the hogs anyhow.
Of course no one told grandfather.